45 Best Transition Words and Phrases For Essays

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by the way we're in transition - words on a blackboard


Your essay needs to be coherent and written in a way where one idea flows naturally to the other.


But how to make sure that everything is tied together, and that you present your arguments in a logical, smooth manner?

It’s simple. You do it by using transition words and phrases, which can turn your scattered thoughts into a well-organized, and neatly looking piece of prose.


“Look on every exit as being an entrance somewhere else.” – Tom Stoppard


It is common knowledge that the ability to write a great essay is tremendously helpful to those who are pursuing higher education. According to the Princeton Review website, other than having a sterling academic record and getting a high score in standardized tests like the SAT and the ACT, submitting a well-crafted essay can help set you apart from other talented applicants.

In fact, even if you like to climb a rung higher on the academic ladder, like getting a master’s degree, for instance, you also need to write essays when you take the GRE. The same goes for taking the LSAT to enter law school, or the MCAT to get into a med school. So, it wouldn’t hurt to add all the weapons you can find to your essay-writing arsenal, like these transition words.


What are transition words?


Transition words and phrases are a part of speech, and they’re used to create coherent relationships between ideas in the text. The ones you might be familiar with are ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘so’ and ‘because’. They’re applied to maintain a logical, uninterrupted stream of thought and smooth flow of paragraphs and sentences.  and their goal is to show your reader the relationship between phrases, sentences, or even paragraphs. When you use them, you make it easier for your readers to understand how your thoughts and ideas are connected. There are around 200 of them in the English language.


Example: Regular exercise leads to improved cardiovascular performance. Additionally, it improves the function of the brain.


Here are the main rules of usage of transitional words:


5 rules of transition words


Using transitional words in essays


Your regular essay will comprise five paragraphs – an introduction, three paragraphs to present your points, and a conclusion. Your job is to make the prose consistent and that’s why you need words and phrases to create links between the ideas. To achieve that, you can use a free app like Grammarly to clean up your prose, which also comes in handy if you plan to earn with freelance writing projects.

The words and phrases below are mostly used in persuasive (argumentative) essays where you need to convince the readers of your opinion in a confident manner. But in fact, they’re useful in almost any type of writing (such as expository essays) simply to keep the structure intact.


If you use them well, they can emphasize contrast, highlight a similarity, and solidify your conclusion.


Transition, a formal definition: the process of changing from one situation, form, or state to another.


Transition words are used at the beginning of each new paragraph.


For Example:

  • To begin with
  • In the first place
  • Secondly
  • To summarize


They can also be used when you present a new point in the same paragraph.


For Example:

  • Moreover
  • Of course
  • Besides
  • Whereas


In fact, there’s a multitude of transition words that will contribute to a more harmonious essay


Many students make the mistake of repeating the same words over and over again. This, in turn, causes them to lose impact and meaning. Among grammarians, this phenomenon is called grammar saturation.  The important thing to know is that there are several categories to transition words depending on the type of impact you’d like to create in your writing. Often, there are several words suitable for one transition, just remember that they don’t always mean the same and you might need some practice to recognize the subtle differences between them.

To avoid this, look up synonyms, and never use the same transition word more than once in a single piece of prose (especially in the same paragraph).

If you need a more in-depth course on this topic, you may read A Writer’s Guide To Transitional Words and Expressions.


Here’s a list of transition words that’ll come to your rescue:


When you want to indicate similarity or addition:


  • Again
  • Also
  • And
  • Incidentally
  • By the way
  • Further
  • More important
  • In the first place
  • As well
  • Even
  • Indeed
  • Truly
  • Another
  • Another
  • As if
  • Besides
  • Equally
  • For instance
  • Furthermore
  • In addition
  • In fact
  • In general
  • In the same fashion
  • Similarly
  • Too


Examples of use:

  • A diet based mostly on carbohydrates can cause massive weight gain. Furthermore, it can cause mental fog and lack of energy in adult humans.
  • Small steps can lead to huge gains. For instance, if you write one page a day, you’ll have a whole book within one year.


When you want to indicate dissimilarity, contrast or contradiction:


  • Although
  • And yet
  • As if
  • By contrast
  • On the other hand
  • On the contrary
  • Actually
  • All the same
  • At any rate
  • At the same time
  • Nonetheless
  • But
  • In spite of this
  • In reality
  • However
  • By comparison
  • In comparison
  • In place of
  • Instead
  • Neither
  • Nevertheless
  • Notwithstanding
  • Otherwise
  • Unless
  • Yet
  • While
  • Unfortunately
  • Still
  • In spite of


Examples of use:

  • A ban on possession of firearms would vastly improve the safety of the civilian population. In spite of this, the politicians won’t push it through because of the powerful gun lobby.
  • Everyone knows that eating excessive amounts of sugar causes health problems. Yet, the consumption of “white poison” is higher than ever.


When you want to indicate similarity:


  • Likewise
  • Like
  • Similarly
  • In the same way
  • In like manner
  • Also
  • Just as
  • So too
  • Another


Examples of use:

  • Learning computer languages serves as a competitive advantage in the job market. Likewise, the ability to speak Chinese or Japanese can be beneficial.
  • The cost of mobile devices around the world dropped significantly. In the same manner, laptops and TV’s became more affordable.


When you want to indicate cause, effect, purpose, consequence, or result:


  • As
  • Accordingly
  • As a result
  • Therefore
  • After all
  • To be sure
  • Knowing this
  • Naturally
  • Of course
  • With this object
  • With this end
  • To this end
  • With this in mind
  • In many cases
  • In this way
  • Due to
  • If
  • Then
  • And so too
  • Because
  • Consequently
  • For
  • Finally
  • For this reason
  • Fortunately
  • Hence
  • In any case
  • In fact
  • Of course
  • Provided that
  • Since
  • So
  • Then
  • Therefore
  • Thus


Examples of use:

  • Excessive time spent at the desk at work can lead to coronary disease. In fact, sitting for a long time is more harmful than the regular consumption of fast foods.
  • Becoming a self-employed digital nomad isn’t easy. Fortunately, there are many guides and forums on this topic.

When you want to put emphasis on something:


  • For instance
  • Specifically
  • In particular
  • More specifically
  • In other words
  • In fact
  • That is
  • In brief
  • In short
  • Namely
  • To illustrate
  • Even
  • Truly


Examples of use:

  • Drinking a lot of water raises your levels of energy. In particular, filtered and purified water is the best thing to drink.
  • The player dropped the ball at the very last moment. Truly, this was the reason the team was defeated.


When you want to indicate time or sequence of events:


  • Before
  • Earlier
  • After
  • Afterward
  • Later on
  • Later
  • Soon
  • Meanwhile
  • In the meantime
  • Next
  • Immediately
  • Then
  • Eventually
  • At length
  • In the same instant
  • To begin
  • In time
  • In future
  • Finally
  • Subsequently
  • Currently
  • At that point


Examples of use:

  • The children were starving and without water. Finally, the international convoy came to help them.
  • The politician angered the crowds. Immediately, you could hear boos from every direction.

When you want to indicate spatial order or reference:


  • Above
  • Across
  • Nearby
  • Further on
  • Opposite
  • At that point
  • On the opposite side
  • On the right
  • On the left
  • Amid
  • Adjacent
  • Behind
  • Below
  • Beneath
  • Beside
  • Here
  • In a corner
  • In back of
  • In front of


Examples of use:

  • The huge mountain covered the horizon. Beneath it, there were kilometers of caverns.
  • The table stood in the center of the room. On the right, you could find a few scattered pieces of furniture.


girl sitting and reading a book of essays


How these words relate to the format of your essay?


If you focus on academic writing you’ll need to adhere to a specific essay format. Use the following words to create comprehensive transitions between paragraphs:


Introductory transitions


These ones come in handy when you craft your first supporting paragraph (the one after the introductory one). Here you usually start building on your thesis and start giving arguments in its favour.


Words to use in an introductory paragraph:

  • To begin with
  • In the first place
  • Firstly
  • The first reason


Connecting the second paragraph to the third:

  • Additionally
  • Another reason why
  • Secondly
  • Next
  • Pursuing this further
  • Also


Connecting the third paragraph to the fourth:

  • Lastly
  • Yet another reason why
  • In the same way
  • Pursuing this further
  • One last reason why
  • Also
  • Thirdly


Connecting the body to the conclusion:

  • In conclusion
  • To sum it all up
  • To summarize
  • In the final analysis
  • You can see why
  • Finally
  • To wrap it all up
  • Therefore
  • All in all


Pro tip: Words like ‘for’, ‘and’, ‘nor’, ‘but’, ‘or’, ‘yet’, and ‘since’ shouldn’t be used at the beginning of a sentence if you’re writing a formal essay.


“The best part of your story is when it changes.” – Bella Bloom


Recommended book:


Bonus material – a printable PDF chart with link-words (always keep it beside you):


More bonus material – a 7-minute video on transition words:


In this short video from 7ESL you can get some additional ideas on how to link your ideas together with different words and phrases:



Now it’s your turn to write a well-structured essay


Starting an essay is always challenging even for advanced writers. Hopefully, by reading this article I made your task just a little bit easier by adding a valuable tool to your writer’s toolbox.

Just remember to use these phrases in an original way, and without repetition. The last thing you want to do is to sound mechanical as if you’re writing from a template.

How did you like this article? Can you share any other materials on the topic? Let me know by leaving a comment below.

5 thoughts on “45 Best Transition Words and Phrases For Essays”

  1. This is a good article on the use of transitional words–congratulations! Yet, when I review great writing such as Edgar Allan Poe’s, transitional words seem to be used rather sparsely and mostly for special effects. The book “55 tools for writers” doesn’t even mention transitional words and phrases–rather urging the elimination of all words not clearly needed. I wonder just what should be our attitude towards these transitional words. Of course, we’re not many of us great writers as Poe is.

  2. I do trust all of the ideas you have presented to your post.

    They’re really convincing and will certainly work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for novices.

    May just you please lengthen them a little from subsequent
    time? Thank you for the post.

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